Preventing Animal Diseases

An infectious animal disease can spread beyond the farm where it first occurs. It can cause damage to other farming businesses, infect other animals of other species and people, and to the economy at large and can pose a threat to public health. Farmers and the government, therefore, take every precaution to prevent these diseases, such as keeping animal housing clean and vaccinating livestock.

That is why has stepped in to help against the spread of zoonotic diseases from livestock to humans and to also combat these diseases.

Preventing animal disease

Farmers are responsible for the health of their livestock. Sometimes, the government has to step in and help prevent or combat a disease if it is exceptionally infectious or dangerous.

Livestock farmers can usually cure a sick animal themselves, or call in a vet who can prescribe medicines, they must ensure:

  • ensure adequate hygiene at their place of business;
  • be alert to symptoms of the disease;
  • vaccinate their animals if possible and necessary.
  • Segregate sick animals.
  • Call a veterinarian for advice, adopt containment vaccination.
  • Avoid grazing in a commonplace
  • Deworm livestock regularly.
  • scrubbing and washing of houses and the action of sunlight falling in the houses are sufficient enough to keep them moderately germ-free.
  • The feed should be placed in troughs that cannot be contaminated by faeces and waterers should be kept clean and free of contaminants.
  • Rotational grazing of livestock species should be followed to minimize or limit the infection from pasture.
  • Animals of different ages should be housed separately.
  • All new arrivals to the farm should be isolated for at least 30 days and dewormed.