Common diseases affecting cattle farming
Common diseases affecting cattle farming :-
Cows suffer from a range of different, some common others are not to common which often lead to economic losses to the cattle farms.
Common respiratory diseases that affect cattle farming
Bovine respiratory diseases are generally caused by the environment, such as excessive harmful gases in the cowshed, which lead to the respiratory tract being stimulated, damaged and infected by a virus.
Common respiratory diseases in cattle are:
The disease is a chronic consumptive infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Its pathological features are the formation of characteristic granuloma, caseous necrosis and calcified nodules in multiple tissues and organs of diseased cattle.
The disease is a chronic process. The cattle show progressive emaciation, cough, and dyspnea, but their body temperature is generally normal.
Infectious bovine pleuropneumonia.
The chronic cattle with this disease mostly turn over from acute. The digestive function of diseased cattle is disordered and thin. Most diseased cattle have no obvious symptoms, but they are poisoned for a long time.
Prevention and control:
- Strengthen feeding management and environmental monitoring, and regularly make sanitation and disinfection.
The best prevention and control strategy is to strengthen quarantine and surveillance to prevent the introduction of the disease and the spread of the epidemic.
Tylosin, kanamycin sulfate and other medicines can be used to treat infectious pleuropneumonia. Cattle diagnosed should be eliminated as soon as possible. The disease is mainly prevented. Cattle farms should not introduce cattle from epidemic areas, and imported cattle should be strictly quarantined.
Bovine infectious pleuropneumonia attenuated vaccine inoculated once a year in cattle over 6 months of age can prevent the onset of the disease.
Common digestive system diseases
Digestive tract disease is caused by feed nutrition and feeding methods. It can be divided into acute and chronic diseases. If the treatment is not timely, it will often turn into chronic diseases.Chronic anterior gastric flaccidity.
Symptoms of diseased cattle: loss of appetite, reduction or cessation of rumination and belching, weakening or disappearance of peristaltic sounds in the rumen, reticulum, and valvular stomach, weakening of intestinal peristaltic sounds, decreased milk production and depression. Most of the cases turned to chronic because of untimely treatment.
The affected cattle gradually becomes emaciated, exhausted and unable to lie down.
The main reasons are: an improper mix of feed and forage, deterioration, lack of minerals and vitamins, inappropriate management, stress reaction, cattle suffering from nutritional metabolic diseases and the use of antibiotics in numerous rumen flora disorders can also cause the disease.
The main symptoms of diseased cattle are persistent diarrhea, abdominal pain, thin feces, mucus and pus blood, its odor, depression of cattle spirit, loss of appetite, stop of rumination, sharp decline in milk production, severe dehydration, acidosis, hypothermia, cyanosis of the mucosa, and eventual exhaustion and death.
It is mainly due to the long-term lack of exercise or overwork of dairy cows, coupled with sudden changes in feed or eating corrupt, frozen, polluted, non-digestible, toxic herbs, which easily lead to the disease.
The main symptoms of cattle were hemorrhagic enteritis, anemia, and digestive disorders.
lonorchiasis infection is generally a chronic process, which can cause cow milk production decline, low milk fat rate and short milk production peak period, and affect the growth, development, fertility and calving performance of cows. Serious cases can lead to death.
The main parasites that infect the digestive tract of dairy cows are cryptosporidium, Fasciola hepatica, anteroposterior and posterior dishware.
Prevention and control:
- Preventive treatment is the main method for anterior gastric flaccidity. To prevent this disease, we should improve the feeding management, rationally allocate feed, refine the diet, and not feed moldy or frozen feed.
- For cattle gastroenteritis, we should mainly strengthen grazing or reduce labor, increase nutrition, and do a good job of feed supervision.
- It is necessary to strengthen the monitoring and diagnosis of parasitic diseases and select effective, broad-spectrum and easy-to-use drugs for insecticidal treatment according to the results of monitoring and diagnosis.
Common reproductive diseases
Cows suffering from reproductive system diseases are very serious for cattle farms, which can affect the productivity on the farms. Therefore, cows must be prevented from suffering from reproductive system diseases.
Chronic endometritis :-
in cows is mostly caused by bacterial infection during or after childbirth. Chronic endometritis in cows can be divided into catarrhal, catarrhal purulent and recessive endometritis.
The symptoms of diseased cattle with chronic endometritis are vaginal discharge , mucus when lying down or estrus, abnormal estrus cycle of affected cattle, accompanied by mental retardation, loss of appetite, gradual wasting, elevated body temperature, and other symptoms.
It is a chronic zoonotic infectious disease caused by Brucella. Brucella mainly infects the reproductive system of cows. The main symptoms are inflammation of uterus, peritoneum, joints and lymph nodes.
The most significant symptoms are the abortion of pregnant cows or infertility of cows.
Mammary mechanical damage, improper milking methods, delayed milking, unclean environment and lack of attention to breast hygiene are all important reasons for promoting cow mastitis.
Mastitis is mostly caused by Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus, and cows fed with high protein are also prone to this disease.
Prevention and control measures:
- The routine treatment of cow endometritis is to use antibiotics to prevent and cure the infection.
- It is assumed that healthy cattle can be treated symptomatically for brucellosis, and those with no therapeutic significance should be eliminated in time.
In conclusion there are many problems that need to be paid attention to in the process of cattle breeding.
A little neglect will cause various diseases in cattle breeding and the occurrence of cow diseases reduces the milk production of cows, which directly affects the economic benefits of farmers.
Taking care of your cattle and identifying this diseases can be an herculean task particularly for the inexperienced farmer and that’s why you need the services of a veterinary doctor.
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If you made it to the end of this article, don’t forget to check out our other post on “Hoof health: 5 Prevention and control strategies” here.