Livestock housing should promotes excellent health and good welfare for all livestock which helps in aiding a sustainable animal production.
An appropriate design for livestock buildings should take into consideration in providing comfortable accommodation for individual animals.
Things like :-
(1) proper sanitation
(3) arrangements for the production of clean milk for dairy animals.
Livestock Housing:- Location
The points which should be considered before the erection of the buildings:
1. Topography and drainage
The building should be at a higher elevation than the surrounding ground to offer a good slope for rainfall and drainage for the wastes of the dairy to avoid stagnation within.
A leveled area requires less site preparation and thus lesser cost of building.
2. Soil type
Fertile soil should be spared for cultivation. Foundation soils as far as possible should not be too dehydrated or desiccated. Such a soil is susceptible to considerable swelling during rainy season and exhibit numerous cracks and fissures.
3. Exposure to the sun and protection from wind
The building should be located to a maximum exposure to the sun in the north and minimum exposure to the sun in the south and protection from prevailing strong wind currents whether hot or cold.
Buildings should also be placed so that direct sunlight can reach the platforms, gutters and mangers in the cattle shed.
Easy accessibility to the buildings is always desirable.
Durability of the structure is obviously an important criterion in building a livestock farm house.
6. Water supply
Abundant supply of fresh, clean and soft water should be available.
Areas infested with wild animals should be avoided. Narrow gates, high manger curbs, loose hinges, protruding nails, smooth finished floor in the areas… basically anything that can injure the cows during movement should be eliminated.
Honest, economic and regular supply of labor is available.
9. Facilities, labour, food
Cattle yards should be so constructed and situated in relation to feed storages, hay stacks, silo and manure pits as to effect the most efficient utilization of labour.
Sufficient space per cow and well arranged feeding mangers and resting also contribute to the greater milk yield and meat production of cows
Recommended Structures for Livestock Housing
Open sided, single slope roof shed
This type of housing is most typical of structures used and is suitable for all cattle on the farm. This is the least expensive of new structures and very easy to build. Open sheds should face the south for the sun and block the prevailing winds.
Open sided, clear span pole shed
The clear span provides more space for equipment to remove manure and thus any side of the building can be open to the environment. The gable end of the barn is recommended to be open so that the discharge of rain is not over the open side of the building. When the gable end is open, the bays areas are usually deeper and provide more protection from the wind. The back end of the structure may be dark and damp and may need additional design attention for ventilation and lighting.
This type of housing is more practical for smaller sized herds.
One of the least expensive structures for housing cattle is the hoop barn. Hoop barns are similar to greenhouses. One disadvantage is the heat and ventilation problems during the summer months, but this should not pose an issue if you are planning on grazing your cattle during the warmer climate months.
Are you a livestock farmer? would you like to build the right kind of livestock house for your animals? Would you like some guidance on your livestock farming journey ? Then send us an email to firstname.lastname@example.org, we will be glad to put you through however we can.
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If you made it to the end of this article, don’t forget to check out our other post on “5 Reasons Why You Should Pick A Career in Agriculture” here.Share